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Anti Convulsant Medicine

Anti-seizure medications (Anticonvulsants) were originally designed to treat people with epilepsy. Anticonvulsants (also known as antiepileptic drugs or recently as antiseizure drugs) are a diverse group of pharmacological agents used in the treatment of epileptic seizures. Anticonvulsant medications are FDA approved to treat seizures and many other medical conditions unrelated to seizure disorders. Anticonvulsants work by calming hyperactivity in the brain in various ways.

Zeptol CR 300 Mg

Carbamazepine

Levipil 500 Mg

Levetiracetam

Dicorate ER 1000 Mg

Divalproex Sodium

Oxcarb 150 Mg

Oxcarbazepine

Zeptol 100 Mg Tablet

Carbamazepine

Dicorate ER 250 Mg

Divalproex Sodium

Oxcarb 300 Mg

Oxcarbazepine

Zeptol 200 Mg

Carbamazepine

Dicorate ER 500 Mg

Divalproex Sodium

Oxcarb 600 mg

Oxcarbazepine

Zeptol CR 200mg

Carbamazepine

Dicorate ER 750 Mg

Divalproex Sodium

Zeptol CR 400 Mg

Carbamazepine

Zonisep 100Mg

Zonisamide

Sizopin 100 Mg

CLOZAPINE

Levipil 1g

Levetiracetam

Arpizol 5 Mg

Aripiprazole

Arpizol 10 Mg

Aripiprazole

Arpizol 30 Mg

Aripiprazole

Arpizol 15 Mg

Aripiprazole

Arpizol 20 Mg

Aripiprazole

Qutan SR 200 Mg

Quetiapine Fumarate SR

Qutan SR 50 Mg

Quetiapine Fumarate SR

Qutan SR 100 Mg

Quetiapine Fumarate SR

Qutipin SR 400 Mg

Quetiapine Fumarate SR

Qutipin SR 300 Mg

Quetiapine Fumarate SR

Eptoin 100 Mg

Phenytoin

Eptoin 50 Mg

Phenytoin

Qutipin 100 Mg

Quetiapine Fumarate

Qutipin 200 Mg

Quetiapine Fumarate

Qutipin 25 Mg

Quetiapine Fumarate

Qutipin 50 Mg

Quetiapine Fumarate

Ridazin 100 Mg

Thioridazine

Valparin Chrono 300 ...

Sodium Valproate +Valproic Acid

Ridazin 10 Mg

Thioridazine

Ridazin 25 Mg

Thioridazine

Ridazin 50 Mg

Thioridazine

Risnia 1 Mg

Risperidone

Risnia 2 Mg

Risperidone

Risnia 3 Mg

Risperidone

Risnia 4 Mg

Risperidone

Gabapentin 300 Mg

Gabapentin

Alkalith CR 450 Mg

Lithium Carbonate

Stemetil 12.5 MG Inj...

Prochlorperazine

Stemetil MD 5mg

Prochlorperazine

Tegrital 100 Mg

Carbamazepine

Topamac 100 Mg

Topiramate

Topamac 25 Mg

Topiramate

Topamac 50 Mg

Topiramate

Mysoline 250 Mg

Primidone

AGM Loader

Anticonvulsants (antiepileptic or AEDs) help to normalize the way nerve impulses travel along the nerve cells which helps prevent or treat seizures. When the brain is functioning normally the nerve cells talk to each other using controlled electrical signals from one nerve cell to another. This tells the body to do everything it needs or wants to do. During a seizure there is a change in the level of nerve cell electrical signals from a normal level to excessive signals from a normal level to an excessive or abnormal amount of nerve signals. This increased nerve activity is responsible for the signs and symptoms of a seizure. What causes the change is nerve impulses can be the result of an injury to part of the brain, stroke, depression, brain tumor, genetic causes, metabolic problems or toxicity issues and others many such issues. Anticonvulsants can also be used for the treatment of nerve pain and bipolar disorder.

Anticonvulsants (also commonly known as antiepileptic drugs or as anti seizure drugs) are diverse groups of pharmacological agents used in the treatment of epileptic seizures. Anticonvulsants are also increasingly being used for the diagnosis of bipolar disorder and borderline personality disorder, since many seem to act as mood stabilizers, and for the treatment of neuropathic disorder. Anticonvulsants counter the excessive rapid firing of neurons during seizures. Anticonvulsants also prevent the seizure within the brain. Conventional antiepileptic drugs may block sodium channels or enhance gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) function. Many antiepileptic medicines have multiple or uncertain mechanisms of action. Next to the voltage-gated sodium channels and components of the GABA system, their targets include GABA receptors, the GAT-1, GABA transporter, and GABA transaminase. Additional targets include voltage-gated calcium channels, SV2A.

By stopping sodium or calcium channels, antiepileptic medicines decreased the release of excitatory glutamate, whose relief is considered to be lessening in epilepsy, but also that of GABA. This is probably a side effect or even the actual mechanism of action for some antiepileptic drugs, since GABA can itself, directly or indirectly, act proconulsively. Another potential target of antiepileptic drugs is the peroxisome proliferateor-activated receptor alpha. The drug class was the fifth-best-selling in the United States in 2008. Some anticonvulsants have shown sntiepileptogenic effects in animal models of epilepsy. That is, they either block the development of epilepsy or can curb or reverse the progression of epilepsy problems. However, no drug has been shown in human trials to prevent epileptogenesis (the development of epilepsy in an individual at risk, such as after a head injury).

How Anticonvulsant Medicine work:

Anticonulsants keep the nerve cell impulses to normal level so they do not become excessive and uncontrolled, which is why they are used in seizure disorders and epilepsy. The way anticonvulsants manage the nerve impulses is not completely understood but is thought to be by their funcation on neurotransmitters like GABA, or acting on receptors like glutamate or by changing the electrical channels in the nerve cell of brain.

What they treat:

Anticonvulsants stabilize the level of nerve cell impulses and are used for a range of conditions including epilepsy, seizure disorders, nerve pain (neuropathic pain), bipolar disorder, etc.

Treatment Guidelines:

Patients with newly diagnosed epilepsy who require treatment can be initiated on standard anticonvulsants such as carbamazepine, phenytoin, valproic, acid/valproate semisodium, Phenobarbital, or on the newer anticonvulsants gabapentin, lamotrigine, oxcarbazepine or topiramate. The choice of anticonvulsants lay on individual patient characteristics. Both newer and older medicine are generally equally effective and reliable in new onset epilepsy. The newer medicine tends to have fewer side effects as compared to older medicine. For newly diagnosed partial or mixed seizures, there is evidence for using gabapentin, lamotrigine, oxcarbazepine or topiramate as monotherapy. Lamotrigine can be involved in the options for children with newly diagnosed absence seizures.