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Brief Information About Erectile Dysfunction (Ed)

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Dec 05, 2020

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Erectile Dysfunction (ED), also known as impotence, is the type of sexual dysfunction in which the penis fails to become or maintain erect at the time of sexual activity. It is the most common sexual problem in male. Through its associated self-image and to problems in sexual relationships; erectile dysfunction can cause psychological harm.

Some Essential Information About Erectile Dysfunction

Overview

Erectile Dysfunction (impotence) is the inability to get and achieve an erection rigid enough for sexual activity. Having penis erection problem from time to time is not necessarily a cause for concern. If erectile dysfunction is an ongoing problem, however, it can cause anxiety or stress, affect your self-confidence and contribute to relationship problems.

Signs and Symptoms

Erectile dysfunction is characterized by the regular or repeated inability to get or maintain an erection of sufficient hardness to accomplish sexual activity.

Causes of Erectile Dysfunction

  • Prescription drugs (e.g SSRIs), Beta blockers etc.
  • Neurogenic disorders. (Diabetic, Parkinson’s, multiple system atrophy etc.)
  • Cavernosal disorders.
  • Hyperprolactinemia
  • Psychological cause (performance anxiety, stress etc.).
  • Surgery
  • Aged.
  • Kidney failure.

Pathophysiology

Penile erection is managed by two mechanisms:

  • The reflex erection, which is achieved by directly touching the penile shaft.
  • The psychogenic erection, which is achieved by erotic or emotional stimuli.

Physical examination and laboratory investigations

  • Ultrasonography
  • Bulbocavernosus reflex test
  • Nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT).
  • Penile biothesiometry
  • Dynamic infusion cavernosometry (DICC).
  • Corpus cavernosometry
  • Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) etc.

Treatment of Erectile Dysfunction 

Treatment options depend on the severity and underlying cause for erectile dysfunction.

  • Counseling (for psychological cause)
  • Medications by mouth (PDE5 inhibitors Sildenafil (Viagra), Tadalafil (Cialis) and Vardenafil (Levitra).
  • Vacuum erection devices
  • Injections of drugs into the penis.
  • Penile implants.
  • Vascular reconstructive surgeries.
  • Other alternative medicine (Herbal products) etc.
Self care
  • Quit smoking and alcohol.
  • Lose weight.
  • Talk to your partner regarding your condition.
  • Learn to manage stress.
Erectile Dysfunction (ED) Disease is a common type of male sexual dysfunction. It is when a person has trouble getting or achieves an erection. Erection problems become more common as you get older. But erection dysfunction is not a natural part of aging. Some men have trouble speaking with their health care expert about sex. But if you have Ed, you should tell your mean your blood vessels are clogged. It may mean you have a nerve related problem from diabetes. If you do not see your health care professional, these problems will go untreated.

ED problem experts can offer several new treatments for ED. For many people, the answer is as simple as taking a tablet. Getting more exercise, losing weight, quitting alcohol or stopping smoking may also help.

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